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Sutatenza Bogota

(HJCY & HJGG)

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The following item is taken from pages 183-185 of LA-DXing, 4th Edition (1987), as published by Radio Nuevo Mundo. It was written by Takayuki Inoue Nozaki and is placed here with permission.

0n July 19, 1985, I visited the oldest educational station in South America, Radio Sutatenza. Radio Sutatenza is a part of activities carried out by a social communication organization, Accion Cultural Popular (ACPO). ACPO engages in activities like fundamental education, information, entertainment, etc. thru "Radiophonic Schools" (Escuelas Radiofonicas), as well as in publication of a weekly newspaper "El Campesino", educational books, records and tapes. First of all I will introduce to you their educational activities.

Semanario "El Campesino"

At moment, 70,000 copies (printed by color offset) are circulated. There are more than 1600 distributors in 910 municipalities around the country. The newspaper has three sections: information (general events, information and especially articles on agriculture), recreation (comic, game, riddle, joke, historical article, family guide, sports information) and knowledge (useful lectures on various themes).

Textbooks for Integral Fundamental Education

Textbooks, six in number, provide the basic contents for the ACPO educational program.

Cartilla Basica (Basic Text): Basic knowledge of alphabet and mathematics (addition/substraction/multiplication/division).
Nuestro Bienestar (Our Health): Health and hygiene.
Hablemos Bien (Let's Speak Correctly): Reader, penmanship, orthography, editing, oral communication and other communication system.
Cuentas Claras (Clear Mathematics): Various branches of mathematics.
Suelo Productivo (Productive Land): Economic knowledge and work in daily life.
Comunidad Cristiana (Christian Community): Important perspective in Christian community.

Record and Tape for Education

This is an audio-visual system complementing the ACPO textbooks mentioned above, and can be utilized as the necessity arises. The disk has 2 types (33rpm/ 45rpm). ACPO has a record press machine which is able to make 1500 disks a day. For those who have no disk player, ACPO prepares cassette tapes. They have a cassette tape dubbing machine which can dub 6 tapes at once. It takes only 3 minutes to dub one C-60 tape.

History Of Escuelas Radiofonicas

Activity of ACPO was inaugurated at a small mountain village of Sutatenza, Department of Boyaca. It was on August 23, 1947 that,a young priest Jose Joaquin Salcedo Guarin came to parish of San Bartolome in the village. He installed a transmitter remodelling a receiver he took with him, at Santa Rosa de Viterbo Seminary. Test transmission was conducted for about a month until he got a broadcasting license and a prefix "HK7HM" from Ministry of Communications on October 17. On October 16, 1947, the first cultural program was broadcasted, playing an orchestral music performed by farmers of Sutatenza and the comments. Thus Radio Sutatenza was born. There had been Radio Sutatenza (HJGP 1560kHz 1kW) in Sutatenza village until early 1970's, but it was abolished by introducing a high power transmitter in Bogota station. For your information, Cadena Sutatenza used the following SW outlets: HJGO 3250kHz (l0kW), HJGW 326OkHz (l0kW), HJGC 5075kHz (25kW), HJID 6075kHz (l0kW), HJGO 9655kHz (10kw), HJGZ 119OOkHz (l0kW) and HJGI 15235kHz (l0kW). HJGC & HJID are still preserved for emergency use, so these outlets are announced in their full ID.

Program and its Characteristics

Cadena Sutatenza conducted 24 hour service from February 1 to July 31, 1985, in order to broadcast an educational program presented by Ministerio de Educacion Nacional "CAMINA". Aim of "CAMINA" was to make the cultural/educational level up of ACPO listeners through the special program. With the end of the educational course, they returned to a usual schedule (0400-2400) on August 1.

Their program can be divided into 4 sections: (1) Didactica, (2) Informacion, (3) Complementarias, and (4) Promocional.

Section (I) Didactica: They have educational courses at different levels as follows: a) Educacion Fundamental Integral A & B: "Vivamos Mejor" and "Educacion Permanente". b) Educacion Basica Primaria: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th grados. c) Educacion Basica Secundaria: 6th, 7th, 8t, 9th grados. d) Educacion Vocacional y Tecnica: "Colombia Escucha a Colombia". e) Educacion Superior (Universitaria): "Educacion Universitaria a Distancia" y "El Tutor en su Casa". It should be pointed out that these courses range from basic education for farmers to lectures at a university level.

Section (2) Informacion: This includes news program with a long history "El Noticiero Sutatenza (this had been also relayed to the following stations: Ecos del Pasto-Pasto (740), Emisoras Armonias del Caqueta - Florencia (970), Emisora Meridiano 70 - Arauca (1170), Ondas de Macondo-Valledupar (1170), La Voz de Yopal - Casanare (1350), La Voz del Petroleo-Barrancabermeja (1540), La Voz de los Andes - Manizales (1390) and short news bulletin "Avances Informativos" every 30 minutes.

Section (3) Complementarias: This occupies most of the program broadcast at the station, and can be classified to the following three categories: a) De la Didactica, b) De la Informacion, c) De Servicio. Let's have a brief look at each category, showing the representative program including its characteristics.

  • a) De la Didactica: "Magazin Educativo" is a program to mke the cultural level up, for those who are receiving "Bachillerato" and "Primaria" education courses via Cadena Sutatenza. This program is a radio magazine, providing general knowledge on science, culture, astronomy, etc.
  • b) De la Informaci6n: "Panorama Mundial" is to provide listeners with information of world trend on music, fine art, sports, science, astronomy, etc. Makes most use of transcription services of BBC, VOA, DW, RCI, REE, La Voz de la OEA, etc. This program also includes reports/interviews on national events of the previous day, etc.
  • c) De Servicio: "Buenos Dias" (Monday-Friday: 0400-0600, Saturday: 0400-0430, Sunday: 0400-0500) for early risers (especially farmers). A DJ type program, composed of folk song, general information, health, public opinion, scientific / technical topics, news commentary, events of the previous day, etc.
  • Section (4) Promocional: This can be classified to: a) Promociones InstituInformativas, c) Promocion de Servicio, d) Promocion de Campanas, e) Informacion de Retorno, f) Mensajes Comerciales.

Technical Data

Bogota - HJCY 810kHz (25OkW/10kw for emergency): Coverage - 780,000 km2. Population in this area: 13,750,000. (Cundinamarca, Antioquia, Boyaca, Tolima, Caldas, Risaralda, Quindio, Valle del Cauca, Santander, Meta, Caqueta, Intendencia de Arauca and Comisaria del Vaupes)
HJGG 5095kHz (5OkW): Coverage: National and international.

Barranquilla - HJGJ 1010kHz (l0kW) for Atlantico, Bolivar, Magdalena and Cesar.

Magangue - HJHN 960kHz (l20kW): Coverage - 112,000 km2, Population in this area: 6,050,000 (Atlantico, Bolivar, Choco, Cordoba, Sucre, Cesar, Magdalena, Santander, Norte de Santander, Antioquia, La Guajira)

Cali -HJCX 700kHz (l20kW): Coverage - 70,650km2. Population in this area: 3,850,000. (Valle del Cauca, Caldas, Risaralda, Choco, Huila, Caqueta, Intendencia de Putumayo)

Medellin - HJCR 590kHz (100kW): Coverage - 68,000km2. Population in this area: 3,850,000. (Antioquia, Choco, Cordoba, Santander, Caldas, Risaralda, Tolima)

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Association of North American Radio Clubs
DXer of the Year for 1995
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