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Radio in Chiclayo, Peru

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The following item is taken from Relampago DX #108 (June 1999) by Takayuki Inoue Nozaki. It is placed here with permission.

Por las Rutas del Perú (23) ...

CHICLAYO

The historical origin of Chiclayo is not clearly mentioned in ancient documents. However, it is known that the word "Chiclayo" means "the place where there are green branches" in the old Mochica language, and Chiclayo seems to have first appeared on the route between old Zaña and Lambayeque in the mid-16th century. There are two separate traditions concerning its origin. According to one tradition, a small, modest settlement was established in 1553 next to the Cinto Irrigation site for the "muleros" (merchant traders who used mules to carry cargo) traveling between Zaña and Lambayeque. It is said that this original settlement was built next to the Cinto Irrigation where the fortress of Cinto (a chieftain of the Collique community) had existed. The other tradition is based on the assertion of Monseñor Arroyo that Chiclayo was founded on July 21, 1559, when the main church and convent were established by a Franciscan missionary.

During the colonial period, Chiclayo was nothing more than an outer part of the older town of Lambayeque. At that time it was not really a town but was the local Franciscan Parish with the name of San Francisco de Chiclayo. In 1827, the Republican Congress of Peru formally recognized Chiclayo as a distinct village included in the Province of Lambayeque in the Department of La Libertad. On April 15, 1835, it was upgraded to the status of a city with the name of "Heroica". Three days later, on April 18, 1835, the Province of Chiclayo was created as a result of a new political division of the Department of La Libertad. Subsequently, in 1874, the importance of Chiclayo increased when it became the capital of an entire department in addition to being the capital of a province. Prior to December 1, 1874, the Department of La Libertad was larger than it is now and included what is currently the Department of Lambayeque. However, on December 1, 1874, the Department of Lambayeque was founded as a separate entity and Chiclayo was officially recognized as the capital of the department and also as the provincial capital of the Province of Chiclayo.

The Department of Lambayeque encompasses 14,231.30 square kilometers, including 18 square kilometers of the Pacific Ocean in which are located several islands. It has an immense expanse of desert, most of which is flat, but part of which inclines gradually to the edge of the Cordillera Occidental mountain range. The coastal region has a subtropical climate with an average annual temperature of 22 degrees centigrade. (i.e. 72 degrees Fahrenheit). During summer (December through March) the sky is often clear and the weather tends to be hot and sticky. During the rest of year, the coastal region suffers from the coastal grey fog known as "the garua" which blots out the sun. There is hardly any rainfall in the coastal areas during the entire year, but the garua causes these areas to be constantly humid. The Department of Lambayeque, which faces the Pacific Ocean on the west, lies next to other three departments: Piura on the north, Cajamarca on the east, and La Libertad on the south. The department of Lambayeque is divided into three provinces and is subdivided into 33 districts: (1) the Province of Chiclayo (capital Chiclayo - 15 districts), (2) the Province of Ferreñafe (capital Ferreñafe - 6 districts), and (3) the Province of Lambayeque (capital Lambayeque - 12 districts).

Chiclayo, the capital of the coastal desert Department of Lambayeque, is situated at 06-46-21 L.S. and 79-50-47 L.W. and is 22 meters above sea level. It is currently an important commercial center of Northern Peru, and is the fourth largest city in Peru with a fast-growing population of over 400,000 inhabitants in three urban districts: Chiclayo, La Victoria, and José Leonardo Ortiz. Prior to 1987, Chiclayo was not a tourist attraction. It was neither a colonial city with a history interesting enough to attract visitors nor a resort town with beaches or beautiful scenery. However, in 1987 there was dramatic news of the discovery of a royal Moche tomb at Sipán about 30 km southeast of Chiclayo. This discovery has been called the most important archaeological discovery in Peru in the last 50 years. The Peruvian archaeologists have recovered hundreds of dazzling and priceless artifacts from the site. As Sipán is best visited from Chiclayo, the city's tourist industry has been rapidly developing in recent years. The spectacular finds are currently displayed in the Bruning Museum in Lambayeque.

Chiclayo is easily accessible from Lima, the capital of Peru. Most major bus companies operate up and down the coast along the Pan-American Highway. It costs US$13.3 (40 nuevo soles) for the eleven-hour drive. There are several daily flights between Chiclayo and Lima. The airplane trip costs US$59 and takes only one hour. Visitors in Chiclayo may travel from there southward toward Trujillo and northward toward Piura on the Pan-American Highway. It takes three hours to reach either destination, and several companies provide bus transportation hourly through the day. Chiclayo is also known as the transportation center for travelers wishing to go to inland provinces such as Cutervo, Chota, Santa Cruz, and Jaén in the Department of Cajamarca.

The local broadcasting scene evidently changed during the period (approximately ten years) since I last visited Chiclayo. When I first went to Chiclayo in October of 1985, Radio Chiclayo, Radio Lambayeque, and Radio Délcar (which, according to old WRTHs, had transmitted on shortwave many years ago until the 1960s), were still existence on medium wave. There were five stations on medium wave: OBX1G Radio Heroica (1020 kHz), OBX1L Radio Star (1100 kHz), OAX1E Radio Chiclayo (1190 kHz), and OAX1I Radio Lambayeque (1300 kHz), Radio Délcar (1520 kHz). Four stations were in operation on FM: OCZ1A Radio Chiclayo (94.1 MHz), OCZ1F Radio Star (98.3 MHz), OCZ1B Radio Délcar (99.1 MHz), and OCZ1C Radio Panamericana (101.1 MHz).

In September of 1998 during my third visit in Chiclayo, I made a band scan in order to investigate the existence and nature of any broadcasting activity. I noticed that 17 medium wave stations and 26 FM stations were on the air, and some stations outside of Chiclayo were easily audible in the daytime. The following lists are based on my monitoring and the official frequency list of the Ministry of Transports and Communications.

Medium wave

660.1 OCX1U Radio JHC, Chiclayo; 3 kW SKED: 0500-2400 Transmitter site: Fundo Chilape en Culpón, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Juan Cuglieván No.984, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
768.9 OCX1T Radio Horizonte, Chiclayo; 3 kW SKED: 0800-0500 Transmitter site: Fundo Santa María, San Carlos, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Jirón Incanato No.387, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
809.8 OCX1F Radio Continente, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 1100-0400 Transmitter site: Fundo Culpón Urbanización Santa, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Paraguay No.1000, Urbanización Barsallo, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
870.0 OBX1F Radio CRU (RPP), Chiclayo; 10 kW SKED: 24 hours (// OAX4G 730 kHz in Lima) Transmitter site: Urbanización Patazca M-41, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
930.0 OAU1H Radiodifusión Capimag, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 1000-0400 Transmitter site: Asentamiento Santa Ana Carretera a Lambayeque km 4, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Justicia No.102, Urbanización Tupac Amaru, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
960.0 OBX1Y WST Radio, Chiclayo; 3 kW SKED: 0900-0400 Transmitter site: Fundo Chilape en Culpón, Distrito de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Pedro Ruiz 1123 3er piso, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
990.0 OAU1I Radio Tigre, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 1000-0300 Note: As of December of 1994, it was heard on 910.1 kHz, but its nominal frequency was apparently announced as 900 kHz. As of September 1998, it was observed on 990.0 kHz. However, the station is officially assigned on 1220 kHz. Transmitter site: Asentamiento Humano Las Palmeras, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Jirón Latina No.245, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1020.0 OBX1G Radio Heroica, Chiclayo; 5 kW SKED: 1000-0500 Transmitter site: Fundo Corral de Carneros, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Juan Guelman de Carneros, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1219.9 OCX1X Radio Cadena Nor Oriental; 3 kW SKED: 0900-0400 Transmitter site: Fundo La Cofradia de Purisima, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida Miguel Grau No.350 Oficina 222, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1281.0 OAU1R Radio Uno "la Diferente", Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 0900-0500 (Sunday 1100-0200) Transmitter site: Calle Primero de Mayo No.278, Urbanización Urrunaga, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida José Balta No.1480, 3º piso, Oficina 305, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1299.9 OAX1I Radio Lambayeque, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 0900-0300 Transmitter site: Prolongación Balta C 27, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida José Balta No.415, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1330.0 OAU1A Radio Dos Mil, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 1000-0400 Transmitter site: Carretera Camino Caleta de San José km 8, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Nicolas de Pierola No.335, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1409.9 OAX1N Radio Ideal, Lambayeque; 1 kW SKED: 1000-0500 Transmitter site: Pampa San Martín de Porres, Lambayeque, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Jirón San Martín No.440, Lambayeque, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1440.3 OBX1T Radio Cooperative Tumán, Tumán; 2 kW SKED: 1100-0300 Transmitter site: Sector 11 Buena, Tumán, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida El Tren s/n, Tumán, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1490.0 OAX1L Radio Imperio, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 1100-0300 Transmitter site: Fundo Santa Ana km 418, Carretera Lambayeque, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Arica No.972, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1550.0 OAX1O Radio Superior, Monsefú; 1 kW SKED: 1100-0400 Transmitter site: Monsefú, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida Mariscal Castilla No.859 Monsefú, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1580.4 OBX1M Radio Naylamp, Lambayeque; 1 kW SKED: 1000-0300 Transmitter site: Santa Catalina, Provincia de Lambayeque, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida Huamachuco No.1080, Lambayeque, Departamento de Lambayeque.

FM

88.5 OBW1A Radio La Super Estación, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours Transmitter site: Condorcunca No.145, Urbanización Los Libertadores, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Condorcunca No.145, Urbanización Los Libertadores, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
89.1 OCW1H Radio Inca del Perú, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours (// 107.1 MHz OCZ4P in Lima) Transmitter site: Residencia Augusto B. Leguia Edificio 2 No. 304, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
89.7 OBW1F Radio Sensacional, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours Transmitter site: Avenida José Balta No.498, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida Balta No.498, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
90.3 OBW1D Radio Chimok, Chiclayo; 0.25 kW SKED: 1100-0500 Transmitter site: Calle Torres Paz No.705, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Torres Paz No.705, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
90.9 OCW1C Radio Estudio 2000, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours Transmitter site: Avenida José Leonardo Ortiz No.490, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida José Leonardo Ortiz No.490, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
91.5 OCW1V Radio Ritmo, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours (// 93.1 MHz OCZ4A in Lima) Transmitter site: Avenida José Balta No.608, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida José Balta No.608, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
92.1 OCW1W Radio Amor, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 1000-0500 Transmitter site: Jirón Panamá No.1300, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Jirón Panamá No.1300, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
92.7 OBW1J Radiodifusora Beijing FM, Chiclayo; 2 kW SKED: 24 hours Transmitter site: Calle San José No.371 Piso 4, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle San José No.371 Piso 4, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
93.3 OCZ1N Radiodifusora El Sur, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours Transmitter site: Avenida Miraflores No.220, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida Miraflores No.220, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
94.1 OCZ1A Radio Chiclayo, Chiclayo; 1.5 kW SKED: 24 hours Transmitter site: Calle Federico Villareal No.216, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Federico Villareal No.216, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
95.7 OCZ1Y Radioprogramas del Perú, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours (// 89.7 MHz OCZ4V in Lima) Transmitter site: Calle Federico Villareal No.220, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Federico Villareal No.220, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
96.7 OCZ1K Radio Ideal FM, Chiclayo; 0.3 kW Transmitter site: Avenida José Leonardo Ortiz No.301 Piso 3, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida José Leonardo Ortiz No.301 Piso 3, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
98.3 OCZ1F Radio Star, Chiclayo; 0.3 kW SKED: 24 hours (// 93.1 MHz OCZ4A in Lima) Transmitter site: Avenida José Balta No.1324, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida José Balta No.1324, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
98.9 OBW1L Radio Siglo XXI, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours Transmitter site: Calle José Pardo No.158, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle José Pardo No.158, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
99.7 OCZ1L Radiodifusora Santa Victoria, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 1100-0400 Transmitter site: Jirón Vicente de la Vega No.843, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Jirón Vicente de la Vega No.843, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
100.1 OCZ1M La Fuerza Radial, Chiclayo; 0.25 kW SKED: 1100-0500 Transmitter site: Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
100.5 OAT1J Radio América FM, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours (// OCY4L 94.3 MHz in Lima) Transmitter site: Jirón Federico Villareal No.216, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Jirón Federico Villareal No.216, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
101.1 OCZ1C Radio Panamericana FM, Chiclayo; 0.25 kW SKED: 24 hours (// OBZ4D 101.1 MHz in Lima) Transmitter site: Elías Aguirre No.748 Oficina 504, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Elías Aguirre No.748 Oficina 504, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
102.3 OCW1O Radio Cadena Peruana de Noticias, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours (// OCW4L 90.5 MHz in Lima) Transmitter site: Bolognesi No.310, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Bolognesi No.310, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
102.9 OCW1I Radio San Luis, Chiclayo; Transmitter site: Avenida Saenz Peña No.350, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Alejandoro Tirado No.217 piso 5 Lima.
104.3 OBW1M Radio Hit, Lambayeque; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours (// OCZ5C 90.7 MHz in Ica) Transmitter site: Cerro Pon la Esperanza, Provincia de Lambayeque, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Conde de Nieva No.125 Urbanización Luren, Ica.
105.1 OCW1E Radiomar FM, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours (// OCZ4I 106.3 MHz in Lima) Transmitter site: Avenida José Balta No.608 Oficina 307, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida José Balta No.608 Oficina 307, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
105.7 OAT1K Radiodifusión Comercial La Voz del Marañón, Chiclayo; 1 kW Transmitter site: Calle Ama Llulla Manzana R-1, Lote 2, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Ama Llulla Manzana R-1, Lote 2, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
106.1 OCZ1H Radio Délcar, Chiclayo; 2.5 kW SKED: 24 hours Transmitter site: Avenida José Balta No.658, Oficina No. 205, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida José Balta No.658, Oficina No. 205, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
106.9 OCW1Z Radio "A" Frecuencia Modulada, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours (// OCZ4T 94.9 MHz in Lima) Transmitter site: Jirón Husares de Junín No.1111, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
107.7 OBW1E Radio Dos Mil, Chiclayo; 1 kW SKED: 24 hours Transmitter site: Calle Cuglieván No.984, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Cuglieván No.984, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.

Registered medium wave stations not yet on the air

560.0 OBX1H Radio Mar, Lambayeque; 1 kW Transmitter site: Lambayeque, Provincia de Lambayeque, Departamento de Lambayeque.
690.0 OCX1W Radio CPN (Cadena Peruana de Noticias), Chiclayo; 1 kW Transmitter site: Zona Santa Isabel, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
720.0 OAU1O Radio Frecuencia Oceanica, San José; 1 kW Transmitter site: Sector Bodegones, San José, Provincia de Lambayeque, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Alfonso Ugarte No. 505, San José, Provincia de Lambayeque, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1050.0 OBX1H Radio Mar, Pimental; 10 kW Transmitter site: Km 4. Carretera Pimental, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1070.0 OAU1J Empresa de Comunicaciones Vida S.R.Ltda. Chiclayo; 1 kW Transmitter site: Sector Culpón, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Colombia No.1637, Urbanización V.R. Haya de la Torre, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1160.0 OCX1S Negocios Radiales Nor Oriental del Marañón, Chiclayo; 1 kW Transmitter site: Fundo Aspiración, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle San José No.1084, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1260.0 OCX1O Radio Nor Peruana de Comunicaciones, Chiclayo; 1 kW Transmitter site: Zona Denominada Santa Isabel, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Las Violetas s/n, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.

Inactive stations on medium wave

1190.0 OAX1E Radio Chiclayo, Chiclayo; 10 kW Transmitter site: Caserio Urpón, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Federico Villareal y A. Arguedas s/n, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1356,8 --------- Radio Región, Chiclayo. This station was first heard in December of 1994, and apparently had no broadcasting license. Transmitter site: Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1072.5 --------- Radio Latina, Chilcayo; 1 kW. The station has abandoned its broadcasting operations. Transmitter site: Simon Bolívar, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida Saenz Peña No. 1558, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1099.9 OBX1L Radio Star, Chiclayo; 1 kW Transmitter site: QTA. Richard, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida José Balta No.1324, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
1520.0 OAX1C Radio Délcar, Chiclayo; 1 kW Transmitter site: Sector Yortuque, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida José Balta No.658, 2do piso, oficina 205, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.

Registered FM stations not yet on the air

94.9 OCZ1V Radio Nor Peruana de Comunicaciones, Chiclayo; 1 kW Transmitter site: Calle Las Violetas s/n, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Las Violetas s/n, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
96.1 OCZ2R Radio Naylamp "Estación Mórrope", Mórrope; 1 kW Transmitter site: Calle Rreal s/n Mórrope, Provincia de Lamnbayeque, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Calle Real s/n Mórrope, Provincia de Lamnbayeque, Departamento de Lambayeque.
97.3 OCZ1P Radio Universal, Monsefú; 5.5 kW Transmitter site: Avenida Venezuela s/n, Monsefú, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida Venezuela s/n, Monsefú, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
101.7 OBW1B Radio Nacional del Perú, Chiclayo Transmitter site: Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
103.7 OBW1K Radio Difusora Nor Oriental, Monsefú; Transmitter site: Avenida Venezuela No.1400 Monsefú, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque. Studio: Avenida Venezuela No.1400 Monsefú, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque.
106.3 OAT1L Asociación Católica Radio María, Chiclayo; 1 kW Transmitter site: Calle Colón No.86 Esquina Elías Aguirre, Chiclayo, Departamentor de Lambayeque.

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This website is maintained by Don Moore,
Association of North American Radio Clubs
DXer of the Year for 1995
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